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Prep to Year 4: First Fleet

Subject Guides

Books from the Library

Life in 18th Century England


First Fleet

The First Fleet was a group of eleven ships that brought convicts to New South Wales in 1788. Before this England had sent convicts to colonies in North America. When the colonies in North America became an independent nation, the United States of America, the British Government needed to find a new place to send its convicts. They decided to send them to Botany Bay in New South Wales and set up a penal colony.


Introductory ABC video about First Fleet from BTN

Australia in the 1780s Good general information about the First Fleet and conditions in Australia from My Place website.

Overview of the First Fleet

First Fleet Facts

First Fleet Timeline Trace the journey of the First Fleet.

Stories from the First Fleet Read the stories of people from the First Fleet.

Convict ships of the First Fleet Find out the names of convicts on the First Fleet.

Provisions on the ships in the First Fleet Find out what they brought with them on the ships.

Ships of the First Fleet A list of the ships in the First Fleet.

Tales from the First Fleet Search the State Library of New South Wales First Fleet Collection for journals, letters, drawings, maps and charts created by those who actually travelled with the First Fleet.

Aboriginal Life before 1788

The following video clips are from the series My Place.

Catching yabbies Hunting for food.

Dance off An Aboriginal camp.

Snakebite How to survive snakebite and how to make a spear.

Fishing Hunting for food.

Water Collecting water and taking it back to camp.

First contact between Aboriginal people and the colonists